May 30, 1923, Buryat-Mongol Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (with the capital in the town of Verkhneudinsk) was formed.
This date is considered the day of foundation of the Republic of Buryatia.
Despite the fact that the region is in the zone of risky agriculture, Buryatia produces a significant part of foodstuffs in Eastern Siberia.
The unique combination of southern latitudes, the availability of water resources provides the basis of the active development of agriculture.
Natural resources of Buryatia include about 48% of Russian zinc deposits, 24% of lead, 37% of molybdenum, 27% of tungsten. The Trans-Siberian Railway passes through the territory of the republic, as well as the Baikal-Amur Railway and and the federal highway R258 (M55) “Baikal” Irkutsk-Chita.
Most of the territory of Buryatia is characterized by underdeveloped internal communications infrastructure, the absence of rail links and paved roads.
Winters are cold, springs are windy, with late light frosts and almost no rains.
The mountains occupy four times larger area than the lowlands.