Updating estimates of the economic costs of alcohol abuse
Initial alcohol level and urine drug screen should be assessed, as recent high levels of alcohol intake and substance abuse place the patient at higher risk for complications. Updating Estimates of the Economic Costs of Alcohol Abuse in the United States: Estimates, Update Methods, and Data. Surveillance Report #58: Trends in Alcohol-Related Morbidity Among Short-Stay Community Hospital Discharges, United States, 1979–99.
Nimodipine in human alcohol withdrawal syndrome—an open study. A physical examination should be performed to assess for arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, hepatic or pancreatic disease, infectious conditions, bleeding, and nervous system impairment.
Complications of alcohol withdrawal pathophysiologic insights.
The role of genetic factors in the manifestation of delirium tremens [in Russian].
chlordiazepoxide in the management of acute alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
Comparison of two benzodiazepines in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal; effects on symptoms and cognitive recovery. Meta-analysis of benzodiazepine use in the treatment of acute alcohol withdrawal.
The total losses to the economy related to alcohol and drug abuse and mental illness for 1988 are estimated at 3.3 billion.